Applied Co-Creation Approach to the Design and Development of a Socially Assistive Robot System to Support Hardware and Software Accessibility and Acceptability Needs of Individuals with AD/ADRD and Their Caregivers

Kingsley, C.1, Stout, A.1, Herrera, N.1, Mittelman, M.2, and Niehaus, J.1 Presented at the 2020 Alzheimer’s Association International Conference Technology and Dementia Pre-Conference, Virtual (July 2020) Background: Commercially available socially-assistive robots (SARs) serve as a promising new assistive technology platform for individuals with early and middle stage AD/ADRD and their caregivers, yet often fail to address the specific […]

Exploring the Complexities of Trauma Care Flow and Documentation

Patel, D.1, Pruitt, Z.1, Romero Barrientos, R.1, McEwen, T.2, Metzger, M.2, and Fong, A.1 The Human Factors 64th International Annual Meeting (October 2020).  Trauma care is complex as severe injuries happen unexpectedly, may not immediately present symptoms, and may require assessment by multiple providers to improve outcomes. This work aims to explore the complexities of […]

Designing Serious Games to Train Medical Team Skills

McDermott, A., Niehaus, J., and Weyhrauch, P. Virtual Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation, and Education Conference (vI/ITSEC) (November 2020) More access to effective medical team training across the DoD can significantly improve patient outcomes and save lives (Hughes et al., 2016). The DoD and medical communities need implementations of team training protocols that do not require extensive time […]

Performance Assessment in a Virtual Simulation for Integrated Austere Medical Operations Training

Bauchwitz, B.1, Makivic, M.1, Manning, W.1, Niehaus, J.1, Broach, J.2, Lancette, P.2,3, Garrison, C.4, Ritter, F.4, and Weyhrauch, P.1 Virtual Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation, and Education Conference (vI/ITSEC) (November 2020) The DoD is preparing for future austere environments where it will not be possible to sustain the current level of medical operations across the chain of […]

Development of Human-Out-of-the-Loop Participant Recruitment, Data Collection, Data Handling, and Participant Management System

Bracken, B.1, Potoczny-Jones, I.2, Wolcott, J.2, Raffaele, E.2, Woodward, L.2, Gogoel, C.3, Kiourtis, N.3, Schulte, B.3, Arean, P.4, and Farry, M.1 Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting (November 2020) Most human subjects research requires data collection by contacting local participants who visit a research site. This is costly, time-consuming, and decreases subject […]

User-Centered Hardware and Software Interaction Design Approach to Enhance Accessibility and Utility of Embodied Social Robots for Older Populations

Kingsley, C., Stout, A., Herrera, N., and Niehaus, J. Presented at the Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE) Conference, Virtual (July 2020) Rapid developments in artificial intelligence, machine learning, voice interfaces, and robotics, have enabled consumer social and entertainment robots to flood the market, with sales forecast to reach 4.22 million units by 2025. Notably, […]

Transdisciplinary Team Research to Develop Theory of Mind in Human-AI Teams

Fiore, S.1, Bracken, B.2, Demir, M.3, Freeman, J.4, Lewis, M.5 2020 Human Factors and Ergonomics Society International Annual Meeting (October 2020) This panel provided a transdisciplinary perspective on developing artificial social intelligence for teams. A panel with representatives from the cognitive, computational, and neural sciences discussed theoretical, methodological, and technological insights derived from their respective […]

Technology in the Wild: An Interdisciplinary Discussion on the Intersection of Autonomous Systems and Wildlife Conservation

Kingsley, C. Moderated panel session at the Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI) 2020 XPONENTIAL Conference, Virtual (October 2020). Autonomous technologies are becoming more scalable, reliable, and ruggedized, fortunately at a critical time in which wildlife and environmental conservation is growing in need, scale, and emphasis. As such, autonomous technologies, including unmanned air and […]

Highly Targeted Non-Lethal Predator Control Approach using Intelligent Prey Decoys Equipped with Aversive Stimuli to Protect Endangered Species from Predation and Provide Data Insights

Kingsley, C., Nussear, K., King, M., and Jenkins, M. Presented at the Wildlife Society 2020 Annual Conference (October 2020) Approximately 42% of threatened or endangered species are at risk due to invasive species. Invasive species exacerbate threats on native species in a variety of ways, including habitat disruption, outcompeting for resources, causing or carrying disease, […]

Structural time series grammar over variable blocks

Dewhurst, D. arXiv:2009.06865v1 (September 2020) A structural time series model additively decomposes into generative, semantically-meaningful components, each of which depends on a vector of parameters. We demonstrate that considering each generative component together with its vector of parameters as a single latent structural time series node can simplify reasoning about collections of structural time series […]

Improving the Performance of Fine-Grain Image Classifiers via Generative Data Augmentation

Manjunath, S.1, Nathaniel, A.2, Druce, J.1, German, S.1 arXiv:2008.05381v1 (August 2020) Recent advances in machine learning (ML) and computer vision tools have enabled applications in a wide variety of arenas such as financial analytics, medical diagnostics, and even within the Department of Defense. However, their widespread implementation in real-world use cases poses several challenges: (1) […]

The Effect of Task Fidelity on Learning Curves

Ritter, F.1, McDermott, A.2 MathPsych/International Conference on Cognitive Modeling 2020 What is the effect of level of simulation fidelity on learning and then on performance in the target task? We consider an example of an electronic maintenance training system with two levels of fidelity: a high fidelity (HiFi) simulation that basically takes as much time […]

Augmented Riding: Multimodal Applications of AR, VR, and MR to Enhance Safety for Motorcyclists and Bicyclists

Kingsley, C., Flowers, A., Negri, A., Duggan, D., Bird, L., and Jenkins, M. Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCII 2020), Virtual (July 2020). Operating two-wheeled vehicles in four-wheel-dominant environments presents unique challenges and hazards to riders, requiring additional rider attention and resulting in an increased inherent risk. Crashes involving motorcycles or bicycles […]

Continuous Cognitive Workload Assessment and Combined Metrics of Performance in the Multi-Attribute Task Battery

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Bracken, B.1, Endsley, M.2, Tobyne, S.1, Leather, C.1, and Farry, M.1 Presented at the 11th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics Conference (AHFE), San Diego, CA (July 2020) Neurophysiological correlates of cognitive workload (e.g., changes in brain blood oxygenation) are detectable with minimally-invasive wearable sensors including functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). When cognitive […]

Drone Swarms: A Transformational Technology

Lynn, S., Koelle, D., and Wronski, R. Aerospace & Defense Technology, May:14-17 2020. Drone swarms are, in every sense, a transformational technology. They can replace humans in dangerous or hostile environments. In sufficient numbers, they can collect information from multiple locations and directions, integrating it to form insights not otherwise available. That information can inform […]

A Pilot Study Comparing Two Naturalistic Gesture-Based Interaction Interfaces to Support VR-Based Public Health Laboratory Training

Voge, J., Flowers, B., Herrera, N., Duggan D., and Wollocko, A. 2020 IEEE Conference on Virtual Reality and 3D User Interfaces Abstracts and Workshops (VRW), Atlanta, GA (March 2020) Training opportunities for public health laboratories (PHLs) are limited, and traditional wet laboratory training is expensive and potentially hazardous. Virtual reality presents a promising complement to existing training and provides the […]

Predictive Text Encourages Predictable Writing

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Arnold, K.1, Chauncey, K.2, and Gajos, K.3 IUI ’20: Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces (March 2020) Intelligent text entry systems, including the now-ubiquitous predictive keyboard, can make text entry more efficient, but little is known about how these systems affect the content that people write. To study how predictive text […]

Cyberattack Grammars for Risk/Cost Analysis

Patten, T., Mitchell, D., and Call, C. ICCWS 2020 : 15th International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security, Norfolk, VA (March 2020). In practice, mitigating cyber risk involves economic analysis—it is not realistic to eliminate all risk, so the goal is to find the most cost-effective mitigations for the most significant risks. This economic analysis, […]

Assessing Trainee Readiness for Highly Demanding Jobs

Bracken, B. Industrial Management (March/April 2020) An ongoing challenge facing trainers, trainees and future employers is determining when a student is ready to move on and take on responsibilities in a profession where performance really matters. To bring this insight into assessments of trainee readiness for the job, a new technology has been developed to […]

Evaluation of a New Functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) Sensor, the fNIRS Explorer™, and Software to Assess Cognitive Workload During Ecologically Valid Tasks

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Bracken, B.1, Houssan, C.2, Broach, J.2, Milsten, A.2, Leather, C.1, Tobyne, S.1, Winder, A.1, and Farry, M.1 Presented at BIOSTEC 2020, 13th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies, Valletta, Malta (February 2020) Medical personnel and first responders are often deployed to dangerous environments where their success at saving lives depends on their ability to […]

Mixed Reality Simulation of Emergent Roadway Technology for System Validation and Evaluation

Flowers, B.A., Bird, L., Negri, A., Duggan, D., and Jenkins, M. Presented at the 2nd Automated Driving Systems Conference & Expo, “How Revolutionary Might Shared and Autonomous Mobility Be: Some Insights from Recent Evidence,” Las Vegas, NV  (November 2019) Connected vehicle technology presents new opportunities to improve human safety and efficiency. However, it can be prohibitively difficult to […]

Modeling and Comparing Nurse and Physician Trauma Assessment Skills

Bauchwitz, B., Niehaus, J., and Weyhrauch, P. Military Medicine, Volume 183, Issue suppl_1, 1 March 2018, Pages 47–54 (April 2018). Medical providers must master a large number of complicated tasks to deliver quality care and minimize unwanted clinical outcomes. In order to optimally train these tasks, medical training systems would benefit from models of skill […]

Development of Screen-based Simulation Content for Training and Assessing Trauma Nursing Proficiency

Bauchwitz, B.1, Jastrzembski, T.2, Millwater, T.2, Gunzelmann, G.2, Niehaus, J.1, and Weyhrauch, P.1 Presented at the Military Health System Research Symposium (MHSRS), Kissimmee, FL (August 2018) Background: Trauma care is crucial to the DoD, but current training may be non-optimal. Military medical providers typically receive classroom instruction in courses such as the Trauma Nurse Core Course […]

Thematic Issues in Analysis and Visualization of Hospital Emergency Department Patient Flow

Bauchwitz1, B., Lynn1, S., Weyhrauch1, P., Ratwani2, R., Mosby2, D., Howe2, J., and Niehaus1, J. Poster presentation for the International Symposium on Human Factors and Ergonomics in Health Care, Boston, MA (March 2018) Bottlenecks in patient care within the emergency department (ED) are a growing concern for hospitals around the country. Most trauma centers operate […]

Comparison of a Custom Functional Near-infrared Spectroscopy Sensor, a Peripheral SpO2 Sensor, and a Standard Laboratory Sensor (Biopac) for RR-Interval Assessment

Bracken, B.1, Amazeen, G.2, Likens, A.2, Demir, M.2, and Gibbons, C.2 Presented at the 11th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies (BIOSTEC 2018), Funchal, Portugal (January 2018) Across many careers, individuals face alternating periods of high and low cognitive workload which can impair cognitive function and undermine job performance. We have designed and […]