Human Engineering Factors in Distributed and Net-Centric Fusion Systems

Bisantz, A., Jenkins, M., and Pfautz, J. With the recent proliferation of service-oriented architectures (SOA), cloud computing technologies, and distributed-interconnected systems, distributed fusion is taking on a larger role in a variety of applications—from environmental monitoring and crisis management to intelligent buildings and defense. Drawing on the work of leading experts around the world, Distributed Data […]

Framing the Socio-cultural Context to Aid Course of Action Generation for Counterinsurgency

Farry, M., Stark, B., Mahoney, S., Carlson, E., and Koelle, D. 4th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE) / 2nd International Conference on Cross-Cultural Decision Making (CCDM), San Francisco, CA (July 2012). Course of action (COA) generation is guided by the Military Decision Making Process (MDMP), which is meant to guide warfighters through […]

Perception of Meta-Information Representation: A Psychophysical Approach

Fortenbery1, N., Jenkins2, M., Bisantz1, A., D’Arcy1, J., Farry2, M., Nagy2, A., Roth4, E., Pfautz2, J., and and Thomas5, G. Presented at the 56th Annual Meetings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (HFES), Boston, MA (October 2012) Previous research has identified many effective methods to visualize different types of meta-information, or information qualifiers; however, these methods […]

Optimizing Infra-Red Sensor Performance for Multiple Unmanned Aircraft

Frankenstein1, S., Stouch3, D., and McGraw3, K. Proceedings of the 2012 Weather Impacts Decision Aids (WIDA) Workshop, Reno, NV, (March 2012) Weather has a significant effect on the dependability, versatility, and effectiveness of the unmanned aerial systems (UAS) that provide intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) over the battlefield. As larger constellations of heterogeneous, multi-purpose UAS are […]

Model Decomposition for Reprogrammable Adversaries

Guarino, S., Stickgold, E., Ho, R., Pfautz, J., and Mahoney, S. To appear in Proceedings from the 2012 International Conference on Behavior Representation in Modeling Simulation (BRiMS), Amelia Island, FL (March 2012). While many military training simulators rely upon adversary behavior models, or agents, to provide effective training content, it is often difficult to update these models […]

Collaborative Geospatial Visualizations to Improve Sociocultural Understanding

Kierstead, M., and Koelle, D. Presented at the 4th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE) San Francisco, CA (July 2012) To engage in successful information operations, commanders must have a comprehensive understanding of both the battlespace and the sociocultural context in which they operate. They are required to comprehend a variety of Political, Military, […]

Analyst-Centric Techniques for Understanding Heterogeneous Networks

Koelle, D., Thornton, W., Prue, B., and Pfautz, J. To appear in the Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE), San Francisco, CA (July 2012). Analysts’ ability to understand and reason about complex organizations is often constrained by the limitations inherent in network analysis techniques and tools. Such tools are typically […]

Effect of Novel Adaptive Displays on Pilot Performance and Workload

Liu1, D., Guarino2, S., Roth3, E., Harper2, K., and Vincenzi4, D. In International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 22 (3), pg 242-265. The effect of adaptive display on pilot performance was assessed using objective and subjective measures from a sequence of 2 experiments. Combat aircraft advances have led to dramatic increases in the operational tempo facing the […]

A Monocular Leader-follower System for Small Mobile Robots

Monnier, C., German, S., Ostapchenko, A. Unmanned Systems Technology XIV, Proceedings of SPIE, vol 8387, Baltimore, MD (April 2012). Current generation unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) control systems typically require operators to physically control a platform through teleoperation, even for simple tasks such as travelling from one location to another. While vision-based control technologies promise to significantly […]

Affect-Inspired Resource Management in Dynamic, Real-time Environments

Neal Reilly1, S., Fry1, G., Reposa1, M., and West2, R. Presented at the Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures (BICA) 2012 conference in Palermo, Italy (October 2012). Computational systems, including operating systems and robotic control systems, manage multiple objectives with limited resources in dynamic, time-critical and dangerous environments. Humans have developed mechanisms to handle similar problems over millions […]

Towards a Computational Model of Narrative Persuasion: A Broad Perspective

Niehaus1, J., Romero1, V., Pfautz1, J., Neal Reilly1, S., Gerrig2, R., and Weyhrauch1, P. The Third Workshop on Computational Models of Narrative at the 2012 Language Resources and Evaluation Conference (LREC’2012), Istanbul, Turkey (May 2012). This paper presents a preliminary view on the elements of persuasive narratives from a computational perspective. We argue for a […]

Measuring the Operational Utility of HSCB modeling and Methods

Pfautz, J., Carlson, E., Prue, B., and Koelle, D. Presented at the 4th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE) San Francisco, CA (July 2012) The HSCB modeling community has shown a increased commitment to ensuring that computational representations of human socio-cultural phenomenon can be scientifically validated. Yet the challenges of performing rigorous validation studies […]

Creating and Manipulating Probabilistic Programs with Figaro

Pfeffer, A. Presented at the 2nd International Workshop on Statistical Relational AI, Catalina Island, CA (August 2012). Probabilistic programming languages (PPLs) allow probabilistic models to be represented using the power of programming languages and general-purpose reasoning algorithms to be applied to new applications. This paper presents an approach to probabilistic programming in which the program is represented […]

Malware Analysis and Attribution using Genetic Information

Pfeffer1, A ., Call1, C., Chamberlain1, J., Kellogg1, L., Ouellette1, J., Patten1, T., Zacharias1, G., Lakhotia2, A., Golconda2, S., Bay3, J., Hall3, R., and Scofield3, D. Presented at the 7th International Conference On Malicious And Unwanted Software (Malware 2012). As organizations become ever more dependent on networked operations, they are increasingly vulnerable to attack by a […]

Improving the Decision Making Abilities of Small Unit Leaders

Popp, R. (Co-Chair), Williams, M. (Co-Chair), Beling, P., Canon-Bowers, J., Grafton, S., Hackwood, S., Kolitz, S. … Zacharias, G. Committee on Improving the Decision Making Abilities of Small Unit Leaders; Naval Studies Board; Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences; National Research Council For the past decade, the U.S. Marine Corps and its sister services have […]

SSIM: Social Science Influence Modeling

Romero, V., Lofdahl, C., and Carlson, E. Proceedings from the 2012 IEEE International Multi-Disciplinary Conference on Cognitive Methods in Situation Awareness and Decision Support (CogSIMA 2012) New Orleans (March 2012) The inclusion of social science theories of persuasion can improve influence operators’ ability to predict the effects of influence campaigns. However, providing operators with a means to […]

Towards a Culturally-Rich Shared Narrative Corpus: Suggestions for the Inclusion of Culturally Diverse Narrative Genres

Romero, V., Niehaus, J., Weyhrauch, P., Pfautz, J., and Neal Reilly, S. The Third Workshop on Computational Models of Narrative at the 2012 Language Resources and Evaluation Conference (LREC’2012) Istanbul, Turkey (May 2012). This paper proposes that the inclusion of culturally diverse narrative genres should be an explicit goal when developing a shared narrative corpus. We […]

First-Order Models for POMDPs

Srivastava1, S., Russell1, S., and Pfeffer2, A. Presented at the 2nd International Workshop on Statistical Relational AI, Catalina Island, CA (August 2012). Interest in relational and first-order languages for probability models has grown rapidly in recent years, and with it the possibility of extending such languages to handle decision processes–both fully and partially observable. We examine the […]

Mixed-Initiative Data Mining With Bayesian Networks

Stark, R., Farry, M, and Pfautz, J. Proceedings from the 2012 IEEE Conference on Cognitive Methods in Situation Awareness and Decision Support (CogSIMA), New Orleans, LA (March 2012). Complex information systems make a wide variety of data types available, but users may find it difficult to obtain insight when inspecting those data sets. This need has […]

Modeling Resilient Submarine Decision Making

Stark1, R., Farry1, M, Thornton1, W., Wollocko1, A., Woods2, D., and Morison2, A. To appear in Proceedings from the 2012 International Conference on Behavior Representation in Modeling Simulation (BRiMS), Amelia Island, FL (March 2012). Decision making, especially in high pressure environments such as submarines, is dependent on the use of a large amount of information. To aid […]

Development of Dynamic Visual Artifacts for Resilient Human-Automation Collaboration

Stark, R., Voshell, S., Mahoney, S., and Farry, M. Presented at the 4th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE) San Francisco, CA (July 2012) Prevalence of recent “Big Data” technologies such as cloud computing, data warehousing, and enterprise analytics continue to increase our powers to collect, transmit, and transform data across an increasing number […]

Visualizing Large Scale Patterns and Anomalies in Geospatial Data

Stark1, R., Wollocko1, A., Borys2, M., Kierstead3, M., and Farry1, M. Presented at VisWeek 2012, Seattle, WA (October 2012) The Charles River Analytics solution to the VAST 2012 Mini-Challenge 1 quickly gives a user insight into the overall health of a large computer network across the entire globe while simultaneously highlighting anomalies in the data that could […]

Visualizations and Interaction Methods for Resilient Submarine Decision Support

Stark1, R., Woods2, D., Farry1, M., Morison2, A., Thornton1, W., and Wollocko1, A. Presented at the 56th Annual Meetings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (HFES), Boston, MA (October 2012) Submarine commanders must make decisions rapidly to carry out increasingly complex missions. However, the rate of information delivery has outpaced the capacity of the command and […]

Discovering the Support Requirements for Geospatial Socio-cultural Intelligence Analysis and Synthesis

Voshell1, M., Roth2, E., Mahoney1, S., Nolet1, S., Farry1, M., and Prue1, B. 4th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE) / 2nd International Conference on Cross-Cultural Decision Making (CCDM), San Francisco, CA (July 2012). While the benefits of collecting and understanding historical socio-cultural information have been widely accepted, existing software tools to support […]