Mission Displays to Support the Observability and Directability of Planning Systems

Dudzic, S. and Kilgore, R. Presented at the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Sense and Avoid (SAA) Science and Research Panel, MIT Lincoln Labs, Lexington, MA (October 2011) To develop, evaluate, and effectively compare alternative courses of action during replanning events, unmanned systems operators must consider and rapidly respond to myriad […]

Designing Visualizations of HSCB Models to Foster Appropriate Trust

Farry, M., Pfautz, J., Koelle, D., and Carlson, E. Proceedings of Human Social Culture Behavior (HSCB) Focus 2011, Chantilly, VA (February 2011) Human socio-cultural behavior (HSCB) models are proliferating as a means to examine and reason about human behavior across many environments and for many different purposes. Prior work has identified issues surrounding operator trust in […]

Adaptive Skill Rehearsal and Experimentation Environment for Battlefield First-Aid Procedure Training

Godwin, J.A., Kilgore, R., and Kudryavtsev, D. Proceedings from the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 55th Annual Meeting, Las Vegas, NV (September 2011) Pictorial mnemonic devices represent a promising approach to improving the efficiency and efficacy of procedural training in comparison to traditional, text-based materials. However, simply trading static, textual depictions of process flows with static, […]

Performance, Trust, and Decision Support

Gorman, J. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) Infotech@Aerospace, St. Louis, MO (March 2011) Intelligent systems increase a decision maker’s ability to analyze and make sense of uncertain conditions and imprecise observations, however these systems are challenging to formally validate and verify. Formal assessments are challenging to conduct and performance assessment results are difficult to relate […]

Predicting the Effectiveness of SAR Imagery for Target Detection

Gutchess1, D., Irvine2, J., Young2, M., and Snorrason1, M. Proceedings of SPIE Defense & Security, Orlando, FL (April 2011) We present an image quality metric and prediction model for Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) imagery that addresses automated information extraction and exploitation by imagery analysts. This effort drarws on our team’s direct experience with the development of the Radar […]

Strategic Roadmap for Human Social, Cultural, and Behavioral Science and Technology

MacMillan1, J., Zacharias2, G., Freeman1, J., and Bullock2, B.   Proceedings of Human Social Culture Behavior (HSCB) Focus 2011, Chantilly, VA (February 2011) The Strategic Roadmap summarizes the most critical research needs in developing models of human, social, cultural, and behavioral (HSCB) phenomena to support planning, analysis, decision making, and training for the Department of Defense. […]

A Semi-Automated Interpretation Tool for Socio-Cultural Data Collection

Mahoney1, S., Pfautz2, J., Campolongo1, J., and Thomsen2, E. Proceedings of Human Social Culture Behavior (HSCB) Focus 2011, Chantilly, VA (February 2011) Despite an increased emphasis on understanding social and cultural phenomena as part of current military engagements, existing tools to support social network construction and analysis are only in limited use by those with most […]

Advances in Automated Rapid Training of ATR Algorithms

McBride1, J., Eaton1, R., Irvine2, J., and Mills3, J. IEEE Conference on Applied Imagery Pattern Recognition (AIPR), Washington, DC (October, 2011). A major challenge for fielding an automated target recognition (ATR) system is training the algorithm to perform well under realistic conditions. An ATR trained a priori on a general set of target imagery often lacks […]

A Computational Toolset for Socio-Cultural Data Exploration, Model Refinement, and Model Validation

Neal Reilly, S., Pfeffer, A., Barnett, J., Chamberlain, J., and Casstevens, R. Proceedings of Human Social Culture Behavior (HSCB) Focus 2011, Chantilly, VA (February 2011) Accurate computational models of social and cultural behavior have the potential to dramatically improve strategic planning by providing decision makers with insights into the behavior of adversaries and contested populations. The […]

Automated Scenario Adaptation in Support of Intelligent Tutoring Systems

Niehaus1, J., Li2, B., and Riedl2, M. Proceedings of The 24th International Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Society Conference (FLAIRS), Palm Beach, FL (May 2011) Learners may develop expertise by experiencing numerous different but relevant situations. Computer games and virtual simulations can facilitate these training opportunities, however, because of the relative difficulty in authoring new scenarios, the increasing […]

Simulating Situational Awareness with User-Defined Operating Picture (UDOP) Devices Using Rules

Niehaus, J., and Neal Reilly, S. Proceedings of IEEE International Multi-Disciplinary Conference on Cognitive Methods in Situation Awareness and Decision Support (CogSIMA), Miami Beach, FL, (February 2011) The Network-Centric Warfare paradigm provides Ground Soldiers in the U.S. Army with large amounts of information needed to maintain situational awareness and perform successfully in the field. Current […]

Towards a Software Toolkit for Neurophysiological Data Collection and Analysis

Niehaus, J. and Weyhrauch, P. Proceedings of Human Computer Interaction International, Orlando, FL (July 2011) Modern devices such as cell phones, handheld computers, and technical equipment enable professional users to communicate, understand, and act more efficiently and effectively. However, these new systems often increase cognitive workload, and may even introduce performance errors. System analysts can […]

Probabilistic Programming for Assessment of Capability and Capacity

Pfeffer, A. and Harrison, S. Proceedings of SPIE Defense & Security, Orlando, FL (April 2011) Answering the questions “What can the adversary do?” and “What will the adversary do?” are critical functions of intelligence analysis. These questions require processing many sources of information, which is currently performed manually by analysts, leading to missed opportunities and potential […]

Easing Behavior Authoring of Intelligent Entities for Training

Rosenberg, B., Furtak, M., Guarino, S., Harper, K., Metzger, M., Neal Reilly, S., Niehaus, J., and Weyhrauch, P. Proceedings of the 20th Conference on Behavior Representation in Modeling and Simulation (BRIMS), Sundance, UT (March 2011) This paper describes AgentWorks™, a system to help create rapid, affordable training experiences. We present a graphical authoring environment to enable […]

An Authoring Tool for Interactive Behaviors Of Virtual Characters for Cultural Training

Rosenberg, B., Furtak, M., Metzger, M., Neal Reilly, S., Niehaus, J., and Weyhrauch, P. Proceedings of Human Social Culture Behavior (HSCB) Focus 2011, Chantilly, VA (February 2011) The changing landscape of modern warfare has put a premium on small teams to function efficiently in settings requiring cultural awareness. In addition to limited live training opportunities […]

A Comparative Analysis Workbench for Evaluating ISR Collection Strategies

Stouch, D. Sensiac MSS National Symposium on Sensor & Data Fusion (NSSDF), Washington, DC (October 2011). The Air Force is constantly evolving to support current and future operations through the planning and execution of intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) missions. However, it is a challenge to determine the relative strengths and weaknesses of various collection […]

An Agile Acquisition Decision-support Workbench for Evaluating ISR Effectiveness

Stouch1, D., Champagne2, V., Mow1, C., Rosenberg1, B., and Serrin1, J. Proceedings of SPIE Defense & Security, Orlando, FL (April 2011) The U.S. Air Force is consistently evolving to support current and future operations through the planning and execution of intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) missions. However, it is a challenge to maintain a precise awareness […]

A Simulation-based Analysis Tool for Evaluating ISR Capabilities

Stouch1, D., Rosenberg1, B., Patrick2, J., and Champagne3, V. Poster presentation at MODSIM 2011, Virginia Beach, VA (October 2011). Aircraft platforms, sensor packages, and automated collection planning strategies to employ them in ISR (Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconaissance) missions are constantly evolving. It is a challenge to determine the relative strengths and weaknesses of these new technologies. […]

Coevolving Collection Plans for UAS Constellations

Stouch, D., Zeidman, E., Callahan, W., and McGraw, K. Proceedings of the 2011 Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference (GECCO), Dublin, Ireland (July 2011). We are developing a tool called SPARTEN (Spatially Produced Airspace Routes from Tactical Evolved Networks) that generates coordinated mission plans for constellations of unmanned aerial vehicles by allowing the mission planner to […]

Dynamic Replanning on Demand of UAS Constellations Performing ISR Missions

Stouch, D., Zeidman, E., Callahan, W., and McGraw, K. Proceedings of SPIE Defense & Security, Orlando, FL (April 2011) Unmanned aerial systems (UAS) have proven themselves to be indispensable in providing intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) over the battlefield. Constellations of heterogeneous, multi-purpose UAS are being tasked to provide ISR in an unpredictable environment. This necessitates […]

Adapting Social Science To Influence Operations Planners (…And Not The Other Way Around)

Thornton, W., Carlson, E., and Pfautz, J. Proceedings of Human Social Culture Behavior (HSCB) Focus 2011, Chantilly, VA (February 2011) Effective planning for influence operations requires that planners understand the information environment in which they operate. Comprehensive understanding includes identification of entities that comprise the environment—pertinent groups, arguments, media, and issues in play—as well as awareness […]