Aircraft Pilot and Operator Interfaces

Cummings, M. and Zacharias, G. In Blockley, R. and Shyy, W. (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering, vol. 8. 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Hoboken, NJ. More info For More Information To learn more or request a copy of a paper (if available), contact Greg Zacharias. (Please include your name, address, organization, and the paper reference. Requests without […]

Operator Trust in Human Socio-Cultural Behavior Models: The Design of a Tool for Reasoning about Information Propagation.

Carlson, E., Pfautz, J., and Koelle, D. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Applied Human Factors & Ergonomics (AHFE), Miami, FL, (2010). Models of human socio-cultural behavior (HSCB) are often developed to aid decision makers or analysts by providing insight into current situations and/or by supporting simulations that reveal results of potential courses of […]

Representing Bayesian Games without a Common Prior

Antos, D. and Pfeffer, A. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AA-MAS 2010), Toronto, Canada (2010) Game-theoretic analyses of multi-agent systems typically assume that all agents have full knowledge of everyone’s possible moves, information sets, and utilities for each outcome. Bayesian games relax this assumption by allowing agents to have […]

Interacting Naturally in Virtual Environments

Diller, D., Stark, R., Krisler, B., McDonald, D. Shapiro, R. and Moffitt, K. Proceedings from the Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation & Education Conference (I/ITSEC), Orlando, FL (December 2010) Current methods for controlling one’s avatar in a virtual environment interacting with intelligent virtual agents (IVAs) are unnatural, typically requiring a complex set of keyboard commands for controlling […]

Sources of Meaning for Holistic SSA: Emergent Recognition

Gorman, J. AMOS: Advanced Maui Optical and Space Surveillance Technologies Conference, Maui, Hawaii (September 2010) Decision-makers are confronted with are confronted with deluge of data describing dynamic conditions in the space enterprise. A Holistic Space Situation Awareness (HSSA) environment considers the space enterprise as a whole and provides comprehensive knowledge of conditions that enable effective and […]

Committee for a Review of the En Route Air Traffic Control Complexity and Workload Model

Hansman, Jr., J. (Chair), Alcabin, M., Ball, M., Cummings, M., Dunlay, W., Elias, A., Fearnsides, J., … Zacharias, G TRB Special Report 301: Air Traffic Controller Staffing in the En Route Domain: A Review of the Federal Aviation Administration’s Task Load Model examines the structure, empirical basis, and validation methods of a Federal Aviation Administration model that […]

A Cognitive Task Analysis for Cyber Situational Awareness

Mahoney1, S., Roth2, E., Steinke3, K., Pfautz1, J., Wu1, C., and Farry1, M. Proceedings from the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 54th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA (2010) Cyber Network degradation and exploitation can covertly turn an organization’s technological strength into an operational weakness. It has become increasingly imperative, therefore, for an organization’s personnel to […]

A Metamodel Description Language for HSCB Modeling

Neal Reilly, S., Pfeffer, A., and Barnett, J. In Schmorrow, D. and Nicholson, D. (Eds.) Advances in Cross-Cultural Decision Making, CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL (2010) Accurate models of social and cultural behavior have the potential to dramatically improve strategic planning, but in order to be incorporated into decision-making, models must be validated. It is important […]

A Method for Generating Narrative Discourse to Prompt Inferences

Niehaus1, J. and Young2, R. Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on Intelligent Narrative Technologies, Foundations of Digital Games Conference, Monterey, CA (June 2010) Narratives that prompt inferences can be more interesting in that they provide the reader with the opportunity to reason about the narrative world, participating in its construction. These narratives can also be more […]

Learning Game Representations from Data Using Rationality Constraints

Gao, X. and Pfeffer, A. Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI 2010), Catalina Island, California (July 2010) While game theory is widely used to model strategic interactions, a natural question is where do the game representations come from? One answer is to learn the representations from data. If one wants to learn both the payoffs […]

Dynamic Application and Model Updating Service

Guarino, S., Wu, C., Campolongo, J., and Rundensteiner, E. Proceedings of 2010 International Symposium on Collaborative Technologies and Systems (CTS 2010), Chicago, IL (May 2010). Army Battle Command (BC) applications routinely collaborate to perform BC operations, particularly information collection, management, and analysis. Successful collaboration is highly dependent on timely and efficient access to common authoritative […]

Detecting and Tracking Moving Objects from a Moving Platform using Epipolar Constraints

McBride1, J., Ostapchenko1, A., Schultz2, H., and Snorrason1, M. Proceedings of SPIE Defense, Security & Sensing, vol. 7692, Orlando, FL (2010) One of the principal challenges in autonomous navigation for mobile ground robots is collision avoidance, especially in dynamic environments featuring both moving and non-moving (static) obstacles. Detecting and tracking moving objects (such as vehicles and […]

An Architecture for Collaborative Human/AI Control of Interactive Characters

Niehaus, J. and Weyhrauch, P. Proceedings of the AAMAS 2010 Workshop on Collaborative Human/AI Control for Interactive Experiences (CHACIE), Toronto, Canada (2010) Interactive characters – widely used for entertainment, education, and training – may be controlled by human operators or software agents. Human operators are extremely capable in supporting this interaction, but the cost per interaction […]

A Metamodel Description Language for HSCB Modeling

Neal Reilly, S., Pfeffer, A., and Barnett, J. In Schmorrow, D. and Nicholson, D. (Eds.) Advances in Cross-Cultural Decision Making, CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL (2010) Accurate models of social and cultural behavior have the potential to dramatically improve strategic planning, but in order to be incorporated into decision-making, models must be validated. It is important […]

Pictorial Mnemonic-Based Tools for Procedural Training: Application to the Battlefield First-Aid Domain

Kilgore, R. and Godwin, J.A Proceedings from the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 54th Annual Meeting,San Francisco, CA (2010) Pictorial mnemonic devices represent a promising approach to improving the efficiency and efficacy of procedural training in comparison to traditional, text-based materials. In this paper, we described the application of pictorial mnemonic-based approaches to the development […]

Conveying Network Features in Geospatial Battlespace Displays

Godwin, J.A., and Kilgore, R. Visweek 2010, Salt Lake City, UT (October 2010) Advanced battlespace network visualization techniques are required within the modern Air Operations Center (AOC) to improve cross-domain situation awareness and to support planning and decision-making. We present a visualization toolkit to address this need that supports the integration of network health and status […]

Trust and Reliance in Human Socio-Cultural Behavior Models

Farry, M., Pfautz, J., Carlson, E., and Koelle, D. Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics, Miami, FL (2010) Human socio-cultural behavior (HSCB) modeling technologies are gaining traction in operational communities as a means to analyze and predict human behavior at various scales. The National Research Council’s study on behavior modeling and […]

Coordinated Sensing and Data Fusion Using Market-Based Optimization

Farnham, C., Serrin, J., Ouellette, J., Jilcott, S., and Schrage, D. Proceedings from the 2010 National Symposium on Sensor and Data Fusion, Las Vegas, NV (July 2010) We have developed an approach for distributed sensor management that allows multiple sensors to collaboratively allocate and execute sensing tasks, using market-based optimization to make tasking decisions in a […]

Visualization of Temporal Relationships within Coordinated Views

Dudzic, S., Godwin, J.A., and Kilgore, R. Visweek 2010, Salt Lake City, UT (October 2010) In command and control (C2) environments, decision makers must rapidly understand and address key temporal relationships that exist between critical tasks as conditions fluctuate. However, traditional temporal displays, such as mission timelines, fail to support user understanding of and reasoning about […]

Visual Strategies for Enhancing User Perception of Task Relationships in Emergency Operations Centers

Dudzic, S., Godwin, J.A., and Kilgore, R. Proceedings of SPIE Defense, Security & Sensing, vol. 7692, Orlando, FL (2010) In time-sensitive environments, such as DHS emergency operations centers (EOCs), it is imperative for decision makers to rapidly understand and address key logical relationships that exist between tasks, entities, and events, even as conditions fluctuate. These relationships […]

Semantic Search with Self-Maintaining Classes: A Case Study

Patten, T. and Hookway, S. Proceedings of the 2010 International Conference on Semantic Web & Web Services, Las Vegas, NV (2010) Defining semantic classes in terms of the properties of their members is a useful technique in semantic search because such classes are self-maintaining—if new items with the required properties appear, they automatically become members of […]

Probabilistic Evidential Reasoning with Symbolic Argumentation for Space Situation Awareness

Takata, G. and Gorman, J Proceedings of American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) – Infotech@Aerospace, Atlanta, GA (2010) A number of research efforts have investigated approaches and technologies to improve space situation awareness. Prior research included investigation of probabilistic methods using structured models such as Bayesian belief networks. Such approaches have a firm foundation in evidential reasoning […]

Holistic SSA: A New Paradigm

Wagner1, D. and Gorman2, J. 2010 Space Control Conference, Cambridge, MA (2010)   Paradigms for Military Situational Awareness (SA) have influenced the current form of Space Situational Awareness (SSA). SA is traditionally limited to spatial awareness of players in a battle space. The current Space Surveillance Network’s mission emphasis on catalog maintenance and space object tracking […]

UAS Constellation Routes for ISR Security Operations: Tier 2 Tactical Spatial Object High-Level Definition Document

Taylor1, K., Fichtl2, T., Stouch2, D., and McGraw3, K. Battlefield Terrain Reasoning and Awareness – Battle Command (BTRA-BC) Army Technology Objective (ATO) Program Document (May 2010). We prepared a High-level Definition Document (HDD) focusing on ISR security missions (including aspects of reconnaissance and surveillance) for unmanned systems based on high level military doctrine and focusing on […]

SPARTEN: Spatially Produced Airspace Routes from Tactical Evolved Networks

Stouch1, D. and McGraw2, K. Presented at the NATO Common Ground Joint Capability Technology Demonstration, Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, Arlington, VA (August 2010) We prepared and presented a poster at the NATO Common Ground Joint Capability Technology Demonstration event and at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies. The purpose was to highlight the potential future […]

Reducing Risk in System Design Through Human-Systems Integration

Stark1, R. and Kokini2, C. Ergonomics in Design: The Quarterly of Human Factors Applications, vol. 18, num. 2, (Spring 2010) Our goal is to provide examples that demonstrate the risk reduction benefits of human-systems integration (HSI), a crucial part of successful and efficient system design. It supplements Booher and Minninger’s 2003 work by providing parallel examples […]

Probabilistic Relational Models for Situational Awareness

Pfeffer, A. Proceedings of American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) – Infotech@Aerospace, Atlanta, GA (2010) Situational awareness (SA), which is the general problem of trying to determine what is happening in a situation given the available information, has many applications, both military and civilian. Effective SA requires models that are rich enough to accurately model the types […]

Decision Making with Dynamically Arriving Information

Pfeffer1, A. and Kalech2, M. Presented at the International Joint Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems (AAMAS), Toronto, Canada (2010) Decision making is the ability to decide on the best alternative among a set of candidates based on their value. In many real-world domains the value depends on events that occur dynamically, so that the decision […]

Attack Detection in Unattended Sensor Networks

Wu1, C., Monnier1, C., Fry1, G., Girod2, L., and Luke3, J. Proceedings of SPIE Defense, Security & Sensing, vol. 7709, Orlando, Florida (2010) Because sensor networks are often deployed in hostile environments where their security and integrity may be compromised, it is essential to maximize the reliability and trustworthiness of existing and envisioned sensor networks. […]

Operating Next Generation RPA for Irregular Warfare

Zacharias, G. (Chair), Maybury, M. (Vice-Chair), Cooke, C., Cummings, M., Draper, M., Fall, K., Harrison, G., . . . Worch, P. US Air Force Scientific Advisory Board Report SAB-TR-10-03, Washington, DC. For More Information To learn more or request a copy of a paper (if available), contact Greg Zacharias. (Please include your name, address, organization, […]