Proceedings of the 6th Bayesian Modeling Applications Workshop at the 24th Annual Conference on Uncertainty in AI: UAI 2008, Helsinki, Finland (July).

Carlson, E., Guarino, S., and Pfautz, J. Proceedings of the 6th Bayesian Modeling Applications Workshop at the 24th Annual Conference on Uncertainty in AI: UAI 2008, Helsinki, Finland (July). Bias is intrinsic to observation and reasoning, whether done by humans or automated systems. The consumers of data that includes biases must be aware of these […]

PROLOG: A Multiagent Toolkit for Logistics Planning in Netcentric Environments

Das, S. and Harrison, S. World Scientific/Imperial College Press (January 2008) This paper presents the PROactive LOGistics toolkit (PROLOG), a collaborative agent system and logistics network simulator that allows users to coordinate the transfer of supplies across a dynamically changing logistics network in a fully distributed, netcentric way. A collection of cognitive agents and asset classes […]

Advancement in ATD Prediction Performance

Eaton, R., Snorrason, M., Irvine, J., Vanstone, S. Proceedings of SPIE Defense & Security, Automatic Target Recognition XVIII, Orlando, FL (2008) Automatic target detection (ATD) systems process imagery to detect and locate targets in support of intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, and strike missions. Accurate prediction of ATD performance would assist in system design and trade studies, […]

Pragmatic Use of Cognitive Work Analysis in System Design: Extending Current Thinking by Adapting the Mapping Principle

Elm, W.1, Gualtieri1, J., Tittle 1, J., Potter2, S., McKenna1, B. In Bisantz, A.M. and Burns, C.M. (Eds.) Applications of Cognitive Work Analysis, CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL (2008) Cognitive systems engineering (CSE) provides a means by which the interaction between people and machines can be described as they cope with complexity (Hollnagel & Woods, 2005). Cognitive work […]

Designing Visualizations to Support Collaborative Environments

Feinman, A., Farry, M., Kilgore, R., and Pfautz, J. Proceedings of the 8th Symposium on Human Interaction with Complex Systems (HICS), Norfolk, VA (April, 2008) Designing software systems to support teams of decision-makers requires special attention to providing visualizations that support awareness of collaborators, the ability to negotiate meaning, and the ability to coordinate actions. In […]

A Constraint-based Approach to Predictive Maintenance Model Development

Gorman, J., Takata, G., Patel, S.,  and Grecu, D. Proceedings of the International Telemetry Conference 2008, San Diego, CA (2008) Predictive maintenance is the use of inspection and data analysis to perform maintenance when the need is indicated by unit performance. The method can provide significant cost savings to operators while preserving a high level […]

Argumentation-based Negotiation for Automated Sensor Tasking

Gutchess, D., Mow, C., Ho, S.,  and Snorrason, M. Presented at SPIE Defense & Security, Unmanned Systems Technology X, Orlando, FL (April 2008) Information dominance has become an essential component of military operations with tactical thinking focused on the “see first, understand first, act first, finish decisively” principle. Of critical importance is the military’s ability to […]

From Work Domains to Worker Competencies: A Five-Phase CWA

Kilgore1, R., St-Cyr2, O., and Jamieson3, G. In Bisantz, A.M. and Burns, C.M. (Eds.) Applications of Cognitive Work Analysis, CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL (2008) In this chapter we describe the process of applying all five phases of a Cognitive Work Analysis (CWA) to a single domain that reasonably approximates the complexity of a real-world sociotechnical system. […]

Cognitive Systems Engineering for Evolvable Human-in-the-loop Data Fusion

Mahoney1, S., Pfautz1, J., Fichtl1, T., Guarino1, S., Carlson1, E., Powell2, G., and Roth3, E. Proceedings of the Human Factors & Ergonomics Society 52nd Annual Meeting, New York, NY (September 2008) Data fusion systems are increasingly being used to support military planning and decision making. Typically these systems are designed around the current capabilities of particular […]

Beyond PowerPoint™: Tools for Rapid and Accurate Idea Transfer

Miller1, C.A. (Panel Chair),  Ott1, T.(Panel Co-Chair), Frost2, D., Goan3, T., Potter4, S., Ramming5, C., and Thomsen1, D. Panel Presentation at The Human Factors & Ergonomics Society 52nd Annual Meeting, New York, NY (September 2008) Microsoft’s PowerPoint presentation software turned 30 years old last year and is, arguably, the dominant mechanism for idea transfer in the world […]

Culturally Aware Agents for Training Environments (CAATE)

Neal Reilly, W. Bayley, C., Koelle, D., Marotta, S., Pfautz, J., Keeney, M.,  and Singer, M. ARI Research Note, U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, Arlington, VA (April 2008) Recently, the US Army has conducted a wide range of missions within the context of very different cultures and languages. These missions […]

Predicting the Impact of Heterogeneity on Unmanned-Vehicle Team Performance

Nemhe, C.1, Kilgore, R.2 and Cummings, M.1 Proceedings of the Human Factors & Ergonomics Society 52nd Annual Meeting, New York, NY (September 2008) Several recent studies have addressed the possible impact of using highly autonomous platforms to invert today’s multiple-operators-per-single-unmanned-vehicle control paradigm. These studies, however, have generally focused on homogeneous vehicle teams and have not addressed the […]

Methods for the Analysis of Social and Organizational Aspects of the Work Domain

Pfautz, S.1 and Pfautz, J.2 Cognitive Work Analysis: Current Applications and Theoretical Challenges, A. Bisantz and C. Burns (Eds.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL (October 2008) Methods for the analysis of social and organizational aspects of the work domain are increasingly relevant as new technologies enable users to collect, process, and study entities and their relationships to […]

Applications of Multi-objective Evolutionary Algorithms to Air Operations Mission Planning

Rosenberg, B., Richards, M.  Langton, J., Tenenbaum, S., and Stouch, D. Presented during the Defense Applications of Computational Intelligence (DACI) Workshop at the 2008 Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference (GECCO), Atlanta, GA (2008) Air operations mission planning is a complex task, growing ever more complex as the number, variety, and interactivity of air assets increases. Mission planners are […]

Multi-Objective Optimization to Support Mission Planning for Constellations of Unmanned Aerial Systems

Tenenbaum, S., Stouch, D., McGraw, K.,  and Fichtl, T. Proceedings of SPIE Defense & Security, Orlando, FL (2008) Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have proven themselves indispensable in providing intelligence, reconnaissance, and surveillance (ISR). We foresee a future where constellations of multi-purpose UAVs will be tasked to provide ISR in an unpredictable environment. Automated systems will […]