Toward Intuitive Understanding of Complex Astrodynamics Using Distributed Augmented Reality

Advanced Maui Optical and Space Surveillance Technologies Conference (AMOS),  Maui, HI (September 2021) Stouch, D., Balasuriya, U., Hyland, R., Bird, L., Jenkins, M., and Kingsley, C. Existing capabilities and future possibilities can help multiple users build an intuitive understanding of complex astrodynamics in a collaborative real time virtual environment using an augmented reality (AR) space […]

Increased Space Situational Awareness through Augmented Reality Enhanced Common Operating Pictures

Jenkins, M., Catto, G., and Bird, L. Presented at the Advanced Maui Optical and Space Surveillance Technologies Conference (AMOS), Wailea, HI (September 2018) Support for space situational awareness (SSA) is required to enable military commanders and space operations center operators to maintain an advantage over our adversaries in the space enterprise. Well-designed visualization and human-computer […]

An Integrated Threat-based Approach to Intuitive Space Battle Management Understanding

Stouch, D., Jenkins, M., McCaffrey, J., and Catto, G. Air Force Research Laboratory Space Situational Awareness Conference, Kihei, HI (September 2018) To effectively conduct battle management command and control (BMC2) in space, operators need to understand the space environment well beyond what is required for traffic management that predicts potential conjunctions. Operators need to know […]

Enhanced SSA Threat Analytics based on Probabilistic Reasoning

Stouch, D., Freedman, S., Ruttenberg, B., and Gorman, J. AFRL Space Situational Awareness (SSA) Conference, Kihei, Hawaii (September 2016). For More Information To learn more or request a copy of a paper (if available), contact Daniel Stouch. (Please include your name, address, organization, and the paper reference. Requests without this information will not be honored.)

An Unobtrusive System to Measure, Assess, and Predict Cognitive Workload

Bracken, B., Farry, M., Jenkins, M., and Monnier, C. Oral presentation at the Advanced Maui Optical and Space Surveillance Technologies (AMOS) Conference, Maui, Hawaii (September 2015) Complex, computational capabilities are required for tracking, characterizing, and cataloging objects in space. However, the improved real-time highly-detailed space situational awareness (SSA) capabilities that the Air Force is trying to […]

Reasoning on Resident Space Object Hierarchies Using Probabilistic Programming

Ruttenberg1, B., Wilkins2, M., and Pfeffer1, A. Presented at the International Conference on Information Fusion, Washington, DC (July 2015) Hierarchical representations are common in many artificial intelligence tasks, such as classification of satellites in orbit. Representing and reasoning on hierarchies is difficult, however, as they can be large, deep and constantly evolving. Although probabilistic programming provides […]

Maps, Space-time Cubes, and Meta-Information for Under-standing Path Information: A Comparative Analysis

Bisantz, A.1, D’Arcy, J.1, Kerker, D.1, Hegde, S.1, Guan, P.1, Voshell, M.2, and Kilgore, R.2 The 58th Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, Chicago, IL (October 2014) Two experiments were conducted to investigate the usefulness of different geospatial representations in interpreting paths and activities of individuals moving through a complex spatial environment. […]

Dynamic Replanning on Demand of UAS Constellations Performing ISR Missions

Stouch, D., Zeidman, E., Callahan, W., and McGraw, K. Proceedings of SPIE Defense & Security, Orlando, FL (April 2011) Unmanned aerial systems (UAS) have proven themselves to be indispensable in providing intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) over the battlefield. Constellations of heterogeneous, multi-purpose UAS are being tasked to provide ISR in an unpredictable environment. This necessitates […]

Sources of Meaning for Holistic SSA: Emergent Recognition

Gorman, J. AMOS: Advanced Maui Optical and Space Surveillance Technologies Conference, Maui, Hawaii (September 2010) Decision-makers are confronted with are confronted with deluge of data describing dynamic conditions in the space enterprise. A Holistic Space Situation Awareness (HSSA) environment considers the space enterprise as a whole and provides comprehensive knowledge of conditions that enable effective and […]

Conveying Network Features in Geospatial Battlespace Displays

Godwin, J.A., and Kilgore, R. Visweek 2010, Salt Lake City, UT (October 2010) Advanced battlespace network visualization techniques are required within the modern Air Operations Center (AOC) to improve cross-domain situation awareness and to support planning and decision-making. We present a visualization toolkit to address this need that supports the integration of network health and status […]

Probabilistic Evidential Reasoning with Symbolic Argumentation for Space Situation Awareness

Takata, G. and Gorman, J Proceedings of American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) – Infotech@Aerospace, Atlanta, GA (2010) A number of research efforts have investigated approaches and technologies to improve space situation awareness. Prior research included investigation of probabilistic methods using structured models such as Bayesian belief networks. Such approaches have a firm foundation in evidential reasoning […]

Holistic SSA: A New Paradigm

Wagner1, D. and Gorman2, J. 2010 Space Control Conference, Cambridge, MA (2010)   Paradigms for Military Situational Awareness (SA) have influenced the current form of Space Situational Awareness (SSA). SA is traditionally limited to spatial awareness of players in a battle space. The current Space Surveillance Network’s mission emphasis on catalog maintenance and space object tracking […]

Market-Based Optimization for Detection and Tracking of Resident Space Objects

Schrage, D., and Farnham, C. Proceedings of AIAA Infotech@Aerospace, Seattle, WA (2009) Future space-based sensors have more complex data processing requirements and thus need more efficient sensor management tools to ensure their effective operation. Moreover, the dynamic, real-time nature of the domain requires a solution capable of adaptive scheduling. Here, we propose a market-based approach to optimize […]

Representing Meta-Information to Support C2 Decision Making

Pfautz, J., Fouse, A., Farry, M., Bisantz, A., & Roth, E. Proceedings of the International Command and Control Symposium (ICCRTS ’07), Newport, RI (June, 2007). Aggregating, assimilating, and understanding the ever-larger amounts of heterogeneous information present in network-centric environments presents distinct cognitive challenges to the command and control staff. Under previous efforts, we have detailed […]

Automated Data Fusion and Situation Assessment in Space Systems

Hanson, M., Gonsalves, P., Tse, J. and Grey, R. International Journal on Artificial Intelligence Tools, vol. 13, no. 1 (March 2004) Space systems are an important part of everyday life. They provide global positioning data, communications, and Earth science data, such as weather information. All space systems require satellite operators to ensure high performance and continuous […]

Automated Data Fusion and Situation Assessment in Space Systems

Hanson, M. and Gonsalves, P. Proceedings of the FLorida Artificial Intelligence and Research Society (FLAIRS) Conference, St. Augustine, FL (May 2003) Spacecraft are key components of military operations and everyday life. To achieve space situation awareness, human operators must monitor large numbers of parameters. During off-nominal conditions (e.g. severe space weather storm or onboard anomaly), […]

Automated Data Fusion and Situation Assessment in Space Systems

Hanson, M. and Gonsalves, P. Proceedings of the  FLorida Artificial Intelligence and Research Society (FLAIRS) Conference, St. Augustine, FL  (May 2003) For More Information To learn more or request a copy of a paper (if available), contact info@cra.com. (Please include your name, address, organization, and the paper reference. Requests without this information will not be honored.)

Enhanced Satellite Constellation Operations via Distributed Planning and Scheduling

Das, S., Wu, C., and Truszkowski, W. Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Artificial Intelligence, Robotics and Automation in Space: A New Space Odyssey, Montreal (June 2001) In this paper, we present a system for Distributed Intelligent Planning and Scheduling (DIPS) that helps a spacecraft function as an autonomous agent. A DIPS-based spacecraft receives only […]

Distributed Intelligent Planning and Scheduling for Enhanced Spacecraft Autonomy

Das, S., Wu, C., and Truszkowski, W. Proceedings of the 2001 AAAI Spring Symposium Series, Palo Alto, CA (March 2001) In this paper, we present a system for Distributed Intelligent Planning and Scheduling (DIPS) that helps a spacecraft function as an autonomous agent. A DIPS-based spacecraft receives only high-level goals from ground station operators, and […]

Navigability Evaluation and Visualization for Mars Rover Operations

Goodsell, T., Snorrason, M., Ruda, H., and Ablavsky, V. Proceedings of the International Conference on Visualization, Imaging and Image Processing, Marbella, Spain (September 2001) We have developed the Rover Obstacle Visualizer and Navigability Evaluator (ROVANE) as a navigability evaluation and visualization suite to assist in distributed mission planning for NASA Mars Rover missions. Since mission […]

Automated Obstacle Mapping and Navigability Analysis for Rover Mission Planning

Goodsell, T., Snorrason, M., Ruda, H., and Ablavsky, V. Proceedings of SPIE, Volume 4364, Aerosense, Orlando, FL (April 2001) One of NASA’s goals for the Mars Rover missions of 2003 and 2005 is to have a distributed team of mission scientists. Since these scientists are not experts on rover mobility, we have developed the Rover […]

A Software Environment for Knowledge Discovery in Spacecraft Telemetry Data

Gonsalves, P., Ivanov, A. and Zetocha, P. Proceedings of the AIAA Space Technology Conference, Albuquerque, NM (September 1999) Ground operations stipulate significant program costs and manpower requirements for both commercial and military satellite systems. Spacecraft manufacturers and government agencies are constantly seeking methods to ameliorate these aspects of spacecraft command and control operations in light […]

Vision-based Obstacle Detection and Path Planning for Planetary Rovers

Snorrason, M., Norris, J., and Backes, P. Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 3693, AeroSense, Orlando, FL (April 1999) NASA’s next generation Mars rovers are capable of capturing panoramic stereo imagery of their surroundings. Three-dimensional terrain maps can be derived from such imagery through stereo image correlation. While 3-D data is inherently valuable for planning a path through […]