Augmented Reality Technology to Facilitate Proficiency in Emergency Medical Procedures

Laurel O’Connor1, Sepahrad Zamani1, Liam Porter2, Nicolette McGeorge3, Susan Latiff3, Timothy Boardman1, Matthew Loconte1, Michael Weiner1, Eileen McGarry1, Felipe Pina1, Jorge Acevedo Hermaan1, Andrew Milsten1, Martin Reznek1, John Broach1

In Proceedings of the 56th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. Hawaii. (January 2023)

Background: Augmented reality (AR) conveys an experience during which the user’s real-time environment is enhanced by computer-generated perceptual information; it is being investigated as a solution to enhance medical education and clinical practice. There is little literature on its utility for teaching emergency procedures. Methods: A within-subjects trial was performed comparing traditional training to AR guidance for two emergency procedures. Lay-subjects and emergency medical technicians received video training and AR guidance for performing bag-valve-mask ventilation and needle-decompression. Subjects performed both procedures in a simulation setting after each training modality. Subject performance, acceptability and usability were analyzed. Results: There was no difference in procedural performance between lay or EMT subjects for AR training, and no difference in subject-reported usefulness between the AR and control training. Conclusion: AR mediated guidance for emergency medical procedures is feasible and efficacious. Subject performance after AR training was statistically undistinguishable from a didactic educational modality.

1 University of Massachusetts
2 Hialeah Hospital
3 Charles River Analytics

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