Affect-Inspired Resource Management in Dynamic, Real-time Environments

Neal Reilly1, S., Fry1, G., Reposa1, M., and West2, R.

Presented at the Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures (BICA) 2012 conference in Palermo, Italy (October 2012).

Computational systems, including operating systems and robotic control systems, manage multiple objectives with limited resources in dynamic, time-critical and dangerous environments. Humans have developed mechanisms to handle similar problems over millions of years of evolution. In particular, while many think of emotions as being irrational, psychologists and neuroscientists have largely come to believe that affect is useful for living in dynamic, resource-bounded, dangerous, social environments. Similarly, some computational philosophers have come to believe that sufficiently complex computational systems operating in sufficiently complex environments will require affect-like mechanisms to be effective. We implemented an affect-inspired operating system process management mechanism that is able to reallocate CPU resources to processes as needed to deal with time-critical events. We evaluated this system and found that it was both able to react more rapidly to time-critical events and it was also more effective overall at achieving objectives in non-critical situations as well.

1 Charles River Analytics
2 Boston University

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