Strategic Roadmap for Human Social, Cultural, and Behavioral Science and Technology

MacMillan1, J., Zacharias2, G., Freeman1, J., and Bullock2, B.


Proceedings of Human Social Culture Behavior (HSCB) Focus 2011, Chantilly, VA (February 2011)

The Strategic Roadmap summarizes the most critical research needs in developing models of human, social, cultural, and behavioral (HSCB) phenomena to support planning, analysis, decision making, and training for the Department of Defense. The Roadmap is based on three major sources. First, it draws on the recommendations of a recent publication of a National Research Council (NRC) study presented in Behavioral Modeling and Simulation: From Individuals to Societies (Zacharias, MacMillan, and Van Hemel, 2008). That report reviewed the state of the art in organizational and societal modeling, identified gaps in this work for meeting DoD needs, and presented a roadmap for future research and development to meet those needs. Second, the Roadmap draws on an initial review of the HSCB projects currently funded by the Office of Naval Research (ONR) and the Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office (CTTSO) to identify the major focus areas of current work. This review is preliminary, to be supplemented by a more comprehensive survey of program participants in a future effort. Third, the Roadmap relies heavily on the recommendations made by a panel of experts who convened in May 2010 in Washington DC to discuss desirable future directions for HSCB research and development.

The Strategic Roadmap makes three major recommendations concerning future research and development (R&D) programs in HSCB modeling:

1. Develop challenge problems that anchor research in operational issues

2. Enable specialized research and development in critical areas

3. Structure the program to enable and promote collaboration across disciplines

The most immediate next step in response to this Roadmap is for ONR to sponsor a small short-term working group to develop challenge problems to shape future scientific and technology efforts. One promising possibility is to sponsor a “rapid response” panel organized by the National Research Council and to task that panel with preparing a domain package for the challenge problems. The panel must include military experts as well as HSCB scientists. Another possibility is for ONR to organize the panel directly, drawing on HSCB military and scientific experts.

1 Aptima, Inc.

Charles River Analytics Inc.

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